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Comparative Assessment of Biological Activities of Mistletoes for Cosmetic Applications: Viscum Album Var. Coloratum (Kom.) Ohwi and Loranthus Tanakae Franch. & Sav.

Journal of Cosmetic Science | Vol. 70 No. 5
Authored by Sung-Up Choi, Sung Tae Kim, Dong Gyun Han, Young-Ha Hwang, Koo Yeon Lee, Dong Uk Kim, Kwan Hyung Cho, Sang Yeob Park, Hee-Cheol Kim, Seong-Bo Kim, and Dong-Jin Jang

Synopsis

Mistletoes, hemiparasites, contain many components with various biological activities and have been used in cosmetics industry. Loranthacease (1,000 species) and Viscaceae (550 species) have the most dominant species in mistletoes (nearly 1,600 species). It can be expected that the biological activities vary from species to species; therefore, we have tested Viscum album var. coloratum (Kom.) Ohwi (belonging to Santalaceae) and Loranthus tanakae Franch. & Sav. (belonging to Loranthacease) for a comparative study of their cosmetic properties, including antioxidant, antimelanogenic, and antiwrinkle activities. As results, the ethanol extract of L. tanakae had higher phenolic content and showed effective antioxidant activity and elastase inhibition. Meanwhile, the ethanol extract of V. album more effectively inhibited tyrosinase. Comparing with ethanol extracts, the water extracts of both mistletoes showed lower biological efficacy than the ethanol extracts or no significant effect. Thus, these results show that different extracts of mistletoe have different levels of biological activities, presumably because of the differences in their phytochemical profiles and because of the different extraction methods used.

 

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